Sunday, September 25, 2016

Five Videos About The National Museum of African American History and Culture

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post presents information about the National Museum of African American History and Culture which finally opened on September 24, 2016 in Washington, D.C. This post also showcases five videos that highlight some of the exhibits that are found in that museum.

Teh conent of this post is presented for historical, cultural, and inspirational purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those enslaved African Americans, and other African Americans upon whose shoulders we now stand.

Thanks also to all those involved in the formation of this cultural museum, and all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to the publishers of these video on YouTube.

"The National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) is a Smithsonian Institution museum established in December 2003. The museum's building, designed by David Adjaye, is on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.. Early efforts to establish a federally owned museum featuring African American history and culture can be traced to 1915, although the modern push for such an organization did not begin until the 1970s. After years of little success, a much more serious legislative push began in 1988 that led to authorization of the museum in 2003. A site was selected in 2006. The museum opened September 24, 2016, in a ceremony led by U.S. President Barack Obama.[1]

he Smithsonian Institution listed the number of items in the museum collection in 2012 as either more than 18,000 pieces[85] or more than 25,000 pieces.[86] CBS News reported in May 2015 that the collection size had grown to 33,000 objects.[87]
Items obtained by the museum initially were received, conserved, and stored at the Smithsonian Museum Support Center in Suitland, Maryland. Dozens of permanent curatorial staff and temporary contractors accessed the items, repaired them, and conserved them in a temperature- and humidity-controlled environment. Renée Anderson, the NMAAHC's head of collections, oversaw the effort. After artifacts were selected for display, graphics and labels for each item were manufactured. Display cases for each item were also purchased, and exhibiting mounts or specially designed cases handcrafted for particularly fragile, important, or unusually sized objects. Museum officials said all artifacts and displays will be moved into the new museum in the summer of 2016, along with the museum's 175 full-time employees.[68]
As of September 2016, notable items in the collection included:
Items owned by Harriet Tubman, including eating utensils, a hymnal, and a linen and silk shawl given to her by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Related items include a photographic portrait of Tubman (one of only a few known to exist), and three postcards with images of Tubman's 1913 funeral.[88]

The glass-topped casket originally used to display and bury the body of 14-year-old Emmett Till, the victim of racially motivated torture and murder in Mississippi. Till's death sparked the 1950s and '60s African American Civil Rights Movement.[89][90]

The dress which Rosa Parks was sewing the day she refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, on December 1, 1955. Parks' action sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and her action was one of the first incidents of civil disobedience in the 1950s and '60s African American Civil Rights Movement.[91]

A Selmer trumpet owned by jazz musician Louis Armstrong.[92]

A dress owned by actress and singer Pearl Bailey.[91]


A cape and jumpsuit owned by American soul singer James Brown.[92]
The "Mothership", a 1,200-pound (540 kg) aluminum and acrylic glass prop created by funk music singer George Clinton and used during performances of his bands Parliament and Funkadelic. Clinton's original "Mothership" was scrapped in 1983; this replica was crafted by Clinton in the mid-1990s and used for about five years.[93]

A collection of costumes designed by director and costume designer Geoffrey Holder for his 1976 musical, The Wiz (an adaptation of the L. Frank Baum novel, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz).[91] The costumes won the Tony Award for Best Costume Design, the play won the Tony Award for Best Musical, and Holder won the Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical.

A cherry red Cadillac convertible owned by rock and roll singer Chuck Berry.[85]

An amplifier, speakers, and turntables used by Tony Crush a.k.a. DJ Tony Tone of the Cold Crush Brothers.[85]

A railroad car from Chattanooga, Tennessee, used by African American passengers during the Jim Crow era. Pete Claussen and Gulf & Ohio Railways (the company he founded in 1985) donated more than $222,000 to restore the car, which was built by the Pullman Company in 1922.[94]

A sign from a bus in Nashville, Tennessee, from the Jim Crow era which indicates which seating is for blacks only.[92]

A segregated drinking fountain from the Jim Crow era with the sign "colored" (indicating it was for use by blacks only).[92]

A badge from 1850, worn by an African American in Charleston, South Carolina, indicating the wearer was a slave.[92]

Feet and wrist manacles from the American Deep South used prior to 1860.[92]

Garments worn by African American slaves.[91]

An 1874 home from Poolesville, Maryland. The dwelling was constructed by the Jones family, who were freed slaves. The Joneses later founded an all-black community nearby.[92]

Boxing headgear worn by Cassius Clay (later to be known as Muhammad Ali)

Click that link for the complete list that is available on that page.


Bells rang out throughout Washington, D.C. Saturday as the Smithsonian's highly anticipated National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, D.C., opened after more than 100 years in the making.
Centuries of struggles and strife, decades of planning and pain, and years of hoping for a place that African-American history can call home culminated as President Barack Obama officially dedicated the museum Saturday morning.

The president opened the museum with the ringing of the historic Freedom Bell from the First Baptist Church in Williamsburg, Virginia, which was organized in 1776 by slaves.

Obama said the new national museum will help to tell a richer and fuller story of the country....

With thousands of items occupying 85,000 square feet of exhibition space, the new Smithsonian will chronicle the complex relationship between the United States and a people it once enslaved, and tell the story of those who worked to make the necessary changes to bring the country to where it is today...

The dedication featured speeches by Obama, civil rights leader U.S. Rep. John Lewis, former President George W. Bush and the museum's founding director, Lonnie Bunch. It also featured rousing musical tributes with a local flair, including Howard University's "Showtime" marching band and an a capella presentation by a choir from D.C.'s Duke Ellington School for the Arts.

The museum, the 19th and newest of the Smithsonians, opened to the public following the dedication ceremony....

A free three-day festival celebrating the talent and creativity of African-American artists is also taking place on the Washington Monument grounds. The Freedom Sounds festival features jazz, R&B, gospel and hip-hop artists throughout the weekend. The Roots, Living Colour and Public Enemy headlined the festival Saturday night, and a surprise special guest is slated to perform Sunday."...
Click for a two hour forty minutes plus video about the National Museum of African American History and Culture Grand Opening Ceremony.

Among the musical highlights of that ceremony is 11:14 - 18:49 of this video - songs by Benin, West Africa vocalist Angelique Kidjo

Example #1: A new home for African American treasures

CBS Sunday Morning, Published on Sep 11, 2016

After years of planning and construction, the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture opens its doors on September 24. The new building is home to a massive collection of artifacts showcasing four centuries of African-American life in the United States. Several celebrities, including music legend Quincy Jones, contributed personal treasures to the museum. He gave correspondent Lee Cowan a sneak preview of the new building and its historic collection.

Example #2: Inside the National Museum of African American History and Culture

CBS This Morning Published on Sep 12, 2016

The Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History and Culture will open its doors to the public Sept. 24. "CBS This Morning" co-hosts Gayle King and Norah O'Donnell joined the museum's founding director, Lonnie Bunch, for a tour of what makes the 19th and newest Smithsonian museum

Example #3: Inside the the National Museum of African American History and Culture

Geoff Bennett Published on Sep 16, 2016
In less than two weeks, the long-awaited Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture will open its doors to the public.

Example #4: The National Museum of African American History opens in Washington, DC

CCTV America, Published on Sep 23, 2016

The National Museum of African American History will officially open its doors in Washington, D.C. on Sept. 24. African-Americans, once considered three-fifths of a person, will see their history displayed for visitors to come and understand Black America's centuries- long struggle for human dignity. CCTV America’s Jim Spellman reports.

Example #5: Obama opens first African American history museum in US

Al Jazeera English Published on Sep 24, 2016

The first national US museum devoted exclusively to African American history and culture has opened in Washington DC.
President Barack Obama, his wife Michelle and former President George W. Bush were among the dignitaries in attendance.
Al Jazeera's Rosiland Jordan reports from Washington.

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Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Naughty By Nature's Hip Hop Song "OPP" & Donald Trump's Use Of The Term "OPM"

Edited by Azizi Powell

Part I of this post provides information about and a video & lyrics for the 1991 Naughty By Nature's Hip Hop song "OPP".

Part II of this post presents information about Donald Trump's September 21, 2016 use of the term "OPM".

The content of this post is presented for cultural and political purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Naughty By Nature for their musical legacy and all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks to the producer and the publisher of this video on YouTube.


What "OPP" Means In The Naughty By Nature Song With That Title
..."This song is about cheating. If you're "Down with O.P.P.," it means you are willing to cheat on your boyfriend or girlfriend. Not exactly family values, but it's presented in a fun and clever way that never spells out exactly what the song means...

Down Wit' OPP" became a catch phrase in many cities where this song was popular. In New York, people wore T-shirts saying "Ya Down Wit OPP?"

Naughty by Nature was rappers Treach and Vinnie, and DJ Kay Gee. Treach, who was 20 when this came out, wrote the lyrics and was lead rapper on this.

Treach got the idea for the lyrics from a drug dealer in his neighborhood that used to move in on other dealer's territory and say he was "Down With O.P.M. - Other People's Money." Treach liked the phrase but decided to change the meaning of the last P. The year this was released, a Danny DeVito movie came out called Other People's Money."...
In the Hip Hop record, "OPP":
OP = other people's
P (for males) - "pussy"
P (for females) - "penis" (euphemistically said to mean "property")
Here's what the African American Vernacular English term "down wit" ("down with) means:
"If you are down with something it means that you have knowledge of something or are in agreement with it. I'm down with science means "I am familiar with science" or "science is a good thing." To be down with something is a slang phrase, and not terribly common in formal speech or writing."

Lyrics- OPP
(Written by Freddie Perren, Alphonso Mizell, Deke Richards, Berry Gordy Jr, Vincent Brown, Anthony Criss, Keir Gist)

Arm me with harmony
Dave, drop a load on 'em

O.P.P., how can I explain it
I'll take it frame by frame it
To have y'all all jumping, shouting, saying it
O is for other, P is for peoples', scratch your temple
The last P, well that's not that simple
It's sort of like, well, another way to call a cat a kitten
It's five little letters that are missing here
You get on occasion if the other party isn't gaming
It seems I gotta start the explaining, bust it
You ever had a girl and met her on a nice hello
You get her name and number and then left feeling real mellow
You get home, wait a day she's what you wanna know about
Then you call up and it’s her girlfriend’s or her cousin’s house?!
It’s not a front, a F to the R to the O to the N to the T;
It's just her boyfriend's at her house
(Oh that’s why she’s scary)
It's OPP, time other people's what you get it
There's no room for relationship there's just room to hit it
How many brothers out there know just what I'm getting at
Who think it's wrong cause I was splitting and co-hitting that
Well if you do, that's O.P.P. and you're not down with it
But if you don't, here's your membership

You down with O.P.P.? (Yeah, you know me) [x2]
Who’s down with O.P.P.? (Every last homey)
You down with O.P.P.? (Yeah, you know me) [x2]
Who’s down with O.P.P.? (All the homies)

Well, for the ladies O.P.P. means something different
The first two letters' the same but the last is something different
It's the longest, loveliest, lean, I call it the leanest
It's another five letter word rhyming with "cleanness" or "meanness"
I won't get into that, I'll do it ah sorta properly
I'll say the last P hmmm stands for property
Now lady here comes a kiss, blow a kiss back to me
Now tell me exactly
Have you ever known a brother who had another like a girl or wife
And you just had to stop a toast cause he looked just that nice?
You looked at him, he looked at you and you knew right away
He had someone but he was gonna be yours anyway!
You couldn't be seen with him at all and still you didn't care
Cause in a room behind a door no one but y'all are there
When y'all are finished, y'all can leave and only y'all would know
And then y'all could throw that skeleton bone right in the closet do'.
Now don't be shocked cause if you're down I want your hands up high
Say O.P.P. (O.P.P.) I like to say with pride
Now when you do it, do it well and make sure that it counts
You're now down with a discount

You down with O.P.P.? (Yeah, you know me!) [x3]
Who’s down with O.P.P.? (Every last lady!)
You down with O.P.P.? (Yeah, you know me!) [x3]
Who’s down with O.P.P.? (All the ladies!)

A scab tried to O.P.P. me
I had a girl and she knew that. Matter-of-fact her and my girl was partners that
Had a fall out, disagreement, yeah an argument
She tried to do me so we did it in my apartment
Bust it
That wasn't the thing it must have been the way she hit the ceiling
Cause after that she kept on coming back and catching feelings
I said, "Let's go, my girl is coming so you gotta leave."
She said, "Oh no, I love you, Treach!" I said, "Now, child, please!
"You gots to leave, come grab your coat, right now you gotta go!"
I said, "Now look you chooses stairs or chooses the window
This was a thing, a little thing, you shouldn't have brought your heart
Cause you know I was OPP, hell from the very start!"
Come on, come on, now let me tell you what it's all about
When you get down, you can't go 'round running off at the mouth
That's rule number one in this O.P.P. establishment
You keep your mouth shut and it won't get back to her or him!
Exciting isn't it, a special kinda business
Many of you will catch the same sorta O.P.P. messing with
Him or her for sure ain't going to admit it
When O.P.P. comes, damn skippy I'm with it

You down with O.P.P.? (Yeah you know me!) [x3]
Who’s down with O.P.P.? (This whole party!)

Source -Google Lyrics-OPP
Information about Naughty By Nature from
"Naughty by Nature is a Grammy Award-winning American hip hop trio from East Orange, New Jersey consisting of Treach (Anthony Criss, born December 2, 1970), Vin Rock (Vincent Brown, born September 17, 1970), and DJ Kay Gee (born Keir Lamont Gist, September 15, 1969)."...

Showcase Video: Naughty By Nature - O.P.P. [Official Video] HQ

REALnizz, Uploaded on Jun 6, 2010

Song: O.P.P.
Year: 1991
Performer: Naughty By Nature


Article #1:
"Trump brags about using 'other people's money' amid questions over charity use" By Jeremy Diamond, CNN, Updated 12:54 PM ET, Wed September 21, 2016
Kenansville, North Carolina (CNN) "Donald Trump bragged Tuesday there's "nothing like" using other people's money, hours after a report said he used more than $250,000 from his charitable organization to litigate lawsuits against his business interests.

Trump, while calling for building safe zones in Syria financed by Gulf states, vaunted the benefits of doing business with "OPM."
"It's called OPM. I do it all the time in business. It's called other people's money," Trump said. "There's nothing like doing things with other people's money because it takes the risk -- you get a good chunk out of it and it takes the risk."

His comments came on the heels of a Washington Post report published earlier Tuesday, which called attention to Trump's funneling of contributions from the Donald J. Trump Foundation to charities in order to settle lawsuits against Trump. Trump has only sparsely contributed to his foundation. Instead, the foundation is largely funded by outside donors -- not Trump himself."...

Article #2:
From "Trump likes OPM (Other People's Money)" David M Jackson, USA TODAY 10:15 a.m. EDT September 21, 2016
KENANSVILLE, N.C. — "Donald Trump, under fire for questionable use of charitable foundation money, says he likes the concept of OPM: Other People's Money.

"It's called OPM," Trump told supporters in eastern North Carolina on Tuesday night. "I do it all the time in business. It's called Other People's Money ... There's nothing like doing things with other people's money because it takes the risk — you get a good chunk out of it and it takes the risk."

Trump was talking about his plan to have Persian Gulf allies finance "safe zones" for Syrian refugees.

....The Washington Post reported that Trump spent $258,000 from his charitable foundation to settle lawsuits involving his businesses.

One case involved unpaid fines over the height of a flagpole at his Mar-a-Lago Club in Palm Beach, Fla. The other involved the settlement of a lawsuit over a golf contest.

The Post reported that these cases "were among four newly documented expenditures in which Trump may have violated laws against 'self-dealing' — which prohibit nonprofit leaders from using charity money to benefit themselves or their businesses."

Trump started his foundation with his own money, but, the Post reported, he financed it and its donations in later years with donations from others.

The Trump campaign disputed the story.

"There was not, and could not be, any intent or motive for the Trump Foundation to make improper payments," said Trump spokesman Jason Miller. "All contributions are reported to the IRS, and all Foundation donations are publicly disclosed."

That public disclosure is how the Post determined the donations had been made.

In the meantime, Trump — who has pledged to build a border wall to be paid for by Mexico — will continue to promote a "safe zone" plan that Gulf states will finance.

"We’re going to do this," Trump said in North Carolina. "In this case, from a humanitarian standpoint. OPM: Other People’s Money.”

It's amazing how so many people positively view a person like Donald Trump as a successful businessman even though he cheats in the business world, using other people's money-including money donated to his charity foundation- for things & in ways that personally benefit him. And those same people probably look down on the idea of "cheating on people" that is expressed in Naughty By Nature's "OPP" record.

Personally, I think that both of these value sets are deplorable.

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Tuesday, September 20, 2016

Video Of A Bougainville Island Bamboo Band & Four Other Videos Of Bougainville Scenes, Music, & Dance

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post showcases five videos from Bougainville, an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea (PNG). These videos include Bougainville traditional dancing & singing, and music performed by contemporary bamboo bands.

Selected comments from some of these video's discussion threads are also included in this post.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in these videos. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to the publishers of this video on YouTube.

Click for a related pancocojams post that includes information about Bougainville.

These videos are presented in chronological order based on their publishing date on YouTube, with the oldest dated video given first.

Example #1: Images of Bougainville

pandakorinx, Uploaded on Jan 23, 2011

Produced with CyberLink PowerDirector

[Sub-titles in the video]
Land of the brave
Land of the free
Calm seas on isolated islands
Beautiful people….
amazing sunrises….
cloud covered mountain tops…
lakes…. And volcanos
Mt. Bagana
Mt. Balbi
crystal clear waters under the skies
hamlets nestled in thick rainforest
where orchids grow wild
calm waters….
An industrious populace….
arts and craft….
Ecofriendly villages
A smile….and great friendships
fresh organic food
Abundant natural beauty
From the mountains to the sea
Culture, dance, and costumes
Confident, free, and determined people
Beautiful, pristine, …and
Amazing and rich History
Our own dear home,
our motherland

Sunday project series

Producer Jeffrey Noro
Sound track- Enigma

Example #2: "Peace on Bougainville" by Hamarah Bamboo Band

Auguri09 Uploaded on Sep 28, 2011

"Peace on Bougainville" by Hamarah Bamboo Band, Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. Video by Fr. John Koran, Buka, Papua New Guinea
Selected comments from this video's discussion thread:
davedar11, 2012
"Thanks,Auguri09, for posting this lovely video from Bougainville. Can someone tell us in what language is the song?? Dave."

Auguri09, 2012
"the language is Tok Pisin (Talk Pidgin) a creole spoken throughout Papua New Guinea. It is an official language of Papua New Guinea and the most widely used language in that country."

Example #3: Bougainville - Mamana Poata

bsemoso Published on Sep 18, 2012

Bougainville Students at Marianville Girls Secondary High School performing during Marianville Day 2012 (18 Aug 2012)
ul314geka, 2013
"Real beautiful "Mamana Poata" traditional dance of Bougainville Students Dance group! Greetings from north!"

Michael Yuwi, 2014
"PNG buka dance still the best....mamboo band Karem namba ya..."

Example #4: Bougainville Bamboo Band (Canberra Multicultural Festival 2013)

bougaus Published on Feb 13, 2013

Bougainville contemporary bamboo band performing in the 2013 National Multicultural Festival in Canberra.
Here's a comment from this discussion thread:
Gribbo9999, 2015
"Wow I remember seeing the Kisi Bamboo band in Moresby in the early '80s. The art form has moved on. So good!"

Example #5: Bougainville Island

Bouga Scope Published on Aug 7, 2014

Various footage shot around the island.

Music: Lunar Eclipse by Rain's People

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N4-60 Valt - "Black Paradise" (Bougainville Island video & lyrics)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post showcases a video of the dancehall rhythm song "Black Paradise" by N4-60 Valt, a band from Bougainville, an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Bougainville is slated to hold a referendum for independence from PNG in 2019.

Information about Bougainville, Papua New Guinea is included in this post along with my incomplete transcription of N4-60 Valt's "Black Paradise" song.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to N4-60 Valt for their cultural contributions. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to bsemoso, the publisher of this video on YouTube.

Click for a related pancocojams post on Bougainville music and dance.

"Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. This region is also known as Bougainville Province or the North Solomons. Its land area is 9,300 km2. The population of the province is 175,160 (2000 census), which includes the adjacent island of Buka and assorted outlying islands including the Carterets. Mount Balbi at 2,700 m is the highest point. Although Bougainville Island is geographically part of the Solomon Islands archipelago, it is not a part of the state of Solomon Islands...

Bougainville is the largest island in the Solomon Islands archipelago. It is part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion. Bougainville and the nearby island of Buka are a single landmass separated by a deep 300-metre-wide strait. The island is 9000 square kilometres, and there are several active, dormant or inactive volcanoes which rise to 2400m. Mount Bagana in the north central part of Bougainville is conspicuously active, spewing out smoke that is visible many kilometres distant. Earthquakes are frequent, but cause little damage."...

"Bougainville is an autonomous part of PNG [Papua New Guinea] , and fought a decade-long civil war with the national government that ended in 1999.

The region must hold an independence vote by 2020 under the terms of the Bougainville Peace Agreement, but the new target date is not final.

I call now for full weapons disposal ... only then will Bougainville be able to be referendum ready.
John Momis, Bougainville President

President Momis said the decision had kickstarted the planning process ahead of the historic vote on June 15, 2019.

"With that date now agreed, we can plan the steps required to hold the referendum, and the time and the funding and personnel needed to carry out each step," he told PNG's Post Courier newspaper.

The PNG Government has also committed to funding referendum preparations, and it is hoped the decision will lead to full weapons disposal in Bougainville.

Some factions in Bougainville held onto their weapons after the conflict in case PNG would not allow the referendum to proceed, but President Momis said those suspicions could undermine the vote.

"I call now for full weapons disposal … only then will Bougainville be able to be referendum-ready. The Bougainville Peace Agreement requires that the referendum be free and fair," he said.

"There should no longer be any doubt among Bougainvilleans whether or not the referendum will be held."...

(N4-60 Valt)

Let me take you back in time
To the land of the endless sunshine
Let me take you back in allusions
To the land of the tropical beauty
Where the black ???

Come on my man break it down now
Oh now the beat break it down now

Ooh my island
Island in the sunshine
You’re my tropical paradise
Oh my island
the island of my dream
You’re my homeland
And I will never leave you
Oh, my black paradise.
Oh yes.

Let me take you back in years
To the shores of the tropical sunshine
And let me take you across the shores
To my black tropical island
Where you will get lost in allusions
Of your dreams

Oh my beautiful island
me never let you go
No matter what me say about you
Me coming with allusions
Me coming with allusions
Come on my man, let’s break it down now.
Hey I’m feelin in love, now

Oh my island
island in the sunshine
You’re my tropical paradise
Oh my island
the island of my dreams
I will never leave you
Oh, my black paradise
Oh, my black paradise.

Oh my island
Oh my island
Island in the sunshine
My tropical paradise

Oh my island
Island is the sunshine
You’re my homeland
I will never leave you
Oh, my black paradise
Oh, my black paradise.
Oh, my black paradise
This is my transcription of this song from that video. Please help with this transcription. Additions and corrections are welcome.

SHOWCASE VIDEO: Black Paradise (Bougainville)

bsemoso, Uploaded on Mar 24, 2011

N4-60 Valt is a band from the Nagovis Area of Bougainville - the land of the rising sun. This is a video of their hit song "Black Paradise" on their first album under the same name. The album was recorded under Panakatsu Studio, engineered by Emmanuel Muganaua. This video taken on location at 5Mile, Port Moresby and edited by yours truely. Credits go to all Youtube and Facebook friends from whom we got many memorable pictures and clips featured in this video. Watch it in HD and turn the knob up all the way !! Blessings !